Photo: qpol.qub.ac.uk via Bing (CC).
Photo: qpol.qub.ac.uk via Bing (CC).

Inter-American Court holds that American Convention includes rights on gender equality including right to same sex marriage:  On 9 January 2018, the Inter-American Court on Human Rights issued an Opinion on the scope of the American Convention’s guarantees and protections concerning gender equality.  In its Opinion, the Court importantly decided that States which are party to the Convention must guarantee that the rights of same-sex couples are protected in an equal manner to those of heterosexual couples.  Thus, the Court found that the American Convention guarantees the right to marry equally to people of all sexual orientations, and found that Convention guarantees the right to same-sex marriage and that this right must be recognised domestically by all State signatories to the Convention.  Although many signatories to the Convention recognise the right to same-sex marriage domestically, several do not including Bolivia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Paraguay and Peru. The Court’s opinion also found that the American Convention includes the right for a person to change their gender on official documents without a requirement of an examination or other interventions, and that the procedure for changing these documents must be a simple administrative process and not judicial.  The Court’s opinion was issued in Spanish with an English translation available at this time.  (BBCAljazeeraOpinion of the IACHR)