ICC Prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda. Photo: time.com via Bing.
ICC Prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda. Photo: time.com via Bing.

ICC Prosecutor submits request to open investigation into crimes in Afghanistan to PTC: On 3 November, the Presidency of the International Criminal Court assigned Pre-Trial Chamber III to the Situation in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan after the ICC Office of the Prosecutor submitted a request for authorisation to open an investigation into “crimes alleged to have been committed in connection with the armed conflict in that State.” A Preliminary Examination has been open and public concerning crimes in Afghanistan since 2007, and the Office has received 112 communications alleging crimes under the Rome Statute and within the ICC’s jurisdiction.  The Preliminary Examination reviewed alleged and potential crimes committed by members of the Taliban and affiliated armed groups, members of the Afghan authorities and members of the US forces and of the CIA.  In a statement from the OTP, the Prosecution noted that the scope of the investigation “will focus solely upon war crimes and crimes against humanity allegedly committed since 1 May 2003 on the territory of Afghanistan as well as war crimes closely linked to the situation in Afghanistan allegedly committed since 1 July 2002 on the territory of other States Parties to the Rome Statute.”  The judges assigned by the Presidency to Pre-Trial Chamber III and to review the Prosecution’s request include Judge Antoine Kesia-Mbe Mindua, Judge Chang-ho Chung and Judge Raul C. Pangalangan.  (ICC OTP Press Statement, ICC Presidency Decision, ICC OTP Preliminary Examination Report).