Category Archives: Sudan

1 February 2016 – NEWS ABOUT THE COURTS – ICC Chambers practice manual, Gbagbo defense submissions, Syria amnesty, and ICC withdrawal discussions

ICC Judges. Photo: ICC via Flickr.

ICC Judges. Photo: ICC via Flickr.

Chambers practice manual released by ICC Judges: International Criminal Court (ICC) Judges issued the “Chambers Practice Manual” today – the first update of the “Pre-Trial Practice Manual” released last year. Due to the Manual expanding the scope by including best practices identified with respect to systems common to various stages of proceedings, the former “Pre-Trial Practice Manual” is now called the “Chambers Practice Manual”. Moreover, a new ‘Part B’ is included in the update with the title, “Issues related to various stages of the proceeding”. The ultimate goal of the Manual is to contribute to the effectiveness and efficiency of the proceedings before the court and it will be updated, integrated and amended as needed. (ICC Website)

 

Defense for Gbagbo highlights power struggle during PEV: Though the defense must wait until the prosecution is finished before presenting its case, Laurent Gbagbo’s defense lawyer told the International Criminal Court (ICC) today that President Alassane Outtara had seized power “by force”. Defense lawyer Emmanuel Altit added that “Ouattara and his supporters wanted to seize power by force and the battle of Abidjan was, simply put, the very implementation of this strategy.” Moreover, Altit alleged that “France did not want peace to be negotiated.” Jennifer Naouri, another defense lawyer, added, “Gbagbo continually sought solutions to the post-electoral crisis, proposing for example that votes be re-counted…Ouattara didn’t agree to this.” Last week, prosecutors presented their case with detailed descriptions of all the alleged crimes. If convicted, Laurent Gbagbo and co-accused Ble Goude face up to thirty years in prison for the post-election violence. The two deny all charges.  (Africa News, UK Reuters, Times Live, Yahoo! News)

 

Zeid Raad al-Hussein. Photo: cronicadearagon.es via Bing (CC).

Zeid Raad al-Hussein. Photo: cronicadearagon.es via Bing (CC).

UN HR Commissioner speaks about limits of amnesty in Syria: At a news briefing in Geneva, Top United Nations Human Rights Official, Prince Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein, said that: “In the case of Syria, we are there to remind everyone that where there are allegations that reach the threshold of war crimes or crimes against humanity, that amnesties are not permissible.” Prince Zeid emphasized what he called starvation in the town of Madaya and said it was “not just a war crime but a crime against humanity if proven in court.” UNICEF spokesman Christophe Boulierac added that UNICEF and World Health Organization staffers screened twenty-five children under the age of five for malnutrition and twenty-two of them suffered moderate to severe malnutrition. Finally, Zeid stated that he estimated tens of thousands of people are being held arbitrarily in detention and that they need to be released. Since 2011, more than 250,000 people have been killed and half the population displaced after government forces fatally intervened on peaceful demonstrations requesting al-Assad to step down. (Al Jazeera America, DW)

 

ICC Permanent Premise courtroom. Photo: msafdie.com via Bing.

ICC Permanent Premise courtroom. Photo: msafdie.com via Bing.

African leaders discuss withdrawal from the ICC following African Summit: African leaders are discussing a potential withdrawal from the International Criminal Court (ICC) if the Security Council’s referral of Sudan’s President Omar Al-Bashir’s case and a court hearing for Kenya’s Deputy President William Ruto are not annulled, stated Sudan’s Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour. Specifically, African leaders are stressing that African officials have been allegedly victimized by the ICC. In 2009, Al-Bashir was indicted for war crimes and crimes against humanity and Khartoum has consistently criticized the decision. (Kuwait News Agency)

 

16 December 2015 – NEWS ABOUT THE COURTS – South Africa gender violence, UN Secretary General year-end address, Bensouda update on Darfur, Serbian war crimes strategy

UN urges ongoing vigilance in South Africa and Sudan, citing violence against women and children: U.N. Special Rapporteur on violence against women Dubravka Šimonovic urged the South African government to take action to end violence against women and children; in a press release issued today, 15 December.  Šimonovic noted “The violence inherited from apartheid still resonates profoundly in today’s South African society dominated by deeply entrenched patriarchal attitudes towards the role of women in society which makes violence against women and children an almost accepted social phenomenon.” Šimonovic, who recently wrapped up her first official visit to South Africa, stressed the government needed to fight the gender-based violence through education and awareness and establish a “femicide watch” to keep data on killings and violence towards women and girls. (U.N. News Centre)

In addition, the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the U.N. Children’s Fund jointly released a statement today, 15 December, urging all parties to the conflict in South Sudan to implement the cease fire peace agreement and allow displaced children to return to the county.  The joint statement also appealed to the international community to help provide medicines, food, shelter and other basic necessities to the children.  The agencies noted in South Sudan children have little access to such needs and “at least half a million [of the children] have had their education disrupted.”  UNHCR Regional Refugee Coordinator for South Sudan Emergency Ann Encontre added “With most of those displaced being children, South Sudan cannot afford to have a generation of children lost, as in them lies the future and hope of the young nation.”  (U.N. News Centre).

Secretary General reflects on “pivotal” year: At his end of the year press conference today, 16 December, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon reflected on the milestones of 2015, including the Paris Agreement on climate change, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda and the Sendai Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction.  The Secretary-General also touched on the “daunting” situations of the year, such as the “epic flows” of refugees and internally displaced persons, the funding gap for next year’s humanitarian needs and extremism and terrorism.  The Secretary-General concluded 2015 was a year of “breakthrough and horror” and vowed to “continue to have faith in the ability of the world’s people to come together for the common good. With that spirit, we can make 2016 a year of accomplishment and truly build a life of dignity for we the peoples.” (U.N. News Centre).

ICC Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda. Photo: via Bing (CC).

ICC Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda. Photo: via Bing (CC).

Ten years after Resolution 1595, ICC Prosecutor appeals for Darfur justice: On 15 December, ICC Chief Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda updated the U.N. Security Council on the situation in Darfur, appealing the Council to “take appropriate measures within its powers to ensure that all Darfur situation fugitives are apprehended and brought to justice for the sake of the victims.”  Bensouda noted with frustration it has been ten years since the Council found the situation in Sudan to constitute a threat to international peace and security yet nothing has been done to help the victims attain justice.  Bensouda stated instead, “the people of Darfur have continued to endure desolation, alleged gross violations of human rights; indiscriminate killings; mass rape and sexual abuse.”  Bensouda encouraged the Council to work more closely with the ICC to take action against the human rights situation in Sudan and ensure those implicated in the crimes are prosecuted.  (International Criminal Court).

Serbian Justice Ministry releases strategy for prosecuting war crimes:  On 14 December, it was reported Serbia’s justice ministry released a 44-page draft strategy concerning prosecution of crimes committed during the 1990s conflict in the former Yugoslavia.  The draft strategy is intended to provide “adequate punishment of those responsible for war crimes, justice for victims, and location of the bodies of the missing.”  The public has been afforded the opportunity for about two weeks to comment on the draft strategy, after which the country’s prime minister and justice minister are expected to “publicly declare their support for the work of all domestic bodies dealing with war crimes issues, for the fight against impunity and for respect for the rule of law.” The release of the draft strategy comes ahead of the start of Serbia’s negotiations for membership in the European Union on Monday.  (Balkan Transitional Justice).

23 November 2015 – NEWS ABOUT THE COURTS – ICC referral of Sudan over Banda, and Bangladesh executes 2 for war crimes

ICC seeks referral of Sudan to the UNSC over failure to surrender Banda:

Photo: hellaheaven-ana.blogspot.com via Bing (CC).

Photo: hellaheaven-ana.blogspot.com via Bing (CC).

 The International Criminal Court (ICC) stated that it would refer Khartoum to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for Sudan’s failure to arrest Darfur rebel leader Abdallah Banda. The ICC issued an arrest warrant against Banda in September 2014 and Sudan has failed to comply with requests to cooperate with the court for his arrest. His trial was supposed to begin on November 18, 2014, but Banda remains at large. Banda last appeared before the court in June 2010, voluntarily, where he urged other war crimes suspects to surrender. Although Khartoum is not a signatory to the Rome Statute, it is a member of the United Nations and an earlier UN resolution ordered the country to cooperate with the ICC. Banda faces three war crimes charges for his alleged role in a 2007 attack on African Union peacekeepers in Darfur. (The Chronicle)

Bangladesh executes Chowdhury and Mujahid after Int’l Criminal Tribunal conviction:

Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mujahid. Photo: gurumia.com via Bing (CC).

Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mujahid. Photo: gurumia.com via Bing (CC).

Two Bangladesh opposition leaders, Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury and Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mujahid were hanged in the Dhaka central jail on Saturday, 21 November 2015, after being convicted of genocide and rape, charges they denied. Chowdhury was an influential politician and a top leader of Bangladesh’s largest Islamist party. Mujahid was the secretary-general of Jamaat-e-Islami and is accused of the responsibility for the killings of a number of pro-independence Bangladeshi leaders and intellectuals. (BBC, The Wall Street Journal)

21 October 2015 – NEWS ABOUT THE COURTS

Romanian Court hears CAH case against former president: On Wednesday, 21 October, former Romanian President Ion Iliescu appeared before the country’s High Court of Cassation and Justice on charges of crimes against humanity.  The 85 year old former President is being held responsible for the deaths of 4 people, the shooting of 3 and depriving some 1,000 of their freedom in connection with anti-government protest in Romania in June 1990.  Iliescu made no statements at the appearance but has previously denied wrongdoing in the protest that killed 6 and injured hundreds.  (The Washington Post).

Domestic-appointed judge in Sri Lanka Inquiry cites evidence of war crimes: On Wednesday, 21 October, it was reported retired judge Maxwell Paranagama found “credible” allegations of war crimes committed by Sri Lankan forces during the country’s 26-year civil war.  Specifically, Paranagama, who was appointed by the Sri Lankan government to investigate the crimes committed during the conflict, said there were “credible allegations which . . . may show that some members of the armed forces committed acts during the final phase of the war that amounted to war crimes giving rise to individual criminal responsibility.”  Paranagama’s findings were part of the first government sponsored investigation into the conflict and Sri Lanka’s President Maithripala Sirisena said the findings will be followed by an investigation by a truth and reconciliation commission.  Last month the U.N. released a report accusing both sides of committing war crimes during the end of the conflict.  (BBC).

HRW implores India to deny al-Bashir visit: On Monday, 19 October, Human Rights Watch released a statement, along with some 20 other international and nongovernmental organizations, urging India to withdraw its invitation to Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir for the India-Africa Forum Summit in New Delhi next week.  The Sudanese President currently faces two arrest warrants issued by the ICC for war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide committed in Darfur.  India is not a member to the ICC or subject to the Court’s founding treaty, the Rome Statute.  Nonetheless, the U.N. Security Council adopted a resolution in 2005 asking all country’s to cooperate with the ICC’s investigation into al-Bashir.  (Human Rights Watch).

UN Security Council. Photo: François Proulx via Flickr (CC).

UN Security Council. Photo: François Proulx via Flickr (CC).

20 October 2015 – NEWS ABOUT THE COURTS

Naser Oric. Photo: sh.wikipedia.org via Bing (CC).

Naser Oric. Photo: sh.wikipedia.org via Bing (CC).

Oric and Muhic plead not guilty to war crimes before Bosnian court: On Monday, 19 October 2015 Naser Oric, Former Bosnian Army commander, and Bosnian Army member Sabahudin Muhic pled not guilty to charges of killing three Bosnian Serb prisoners of war in the villages of Zalazje, Lolici and Kunjerac near Srebrenica in 1992. Oric’s lawyer, Lejla Covic said that it was too early to talk about specific issues, because “the case will now be given to the Trial Chamber.” In 2008 Oric was acquitted of charges by the ICTY, but was arrested in Switzerland on a warrant from Serbia, and extradited to Bosnia where he is now being tried by a state court set up to handle war crimes. Muhic is currently serving prison time for other offences. (Reuters, Yahoo! News, Balkan Insight)

Leader of Burkina Faso coup, General Gilbert Diendere, charged with CAH: General Gilbert Diendere, the leader of an attempted military coup in Burkina Faso was charged with crimes against humanity on Friday, 16 October 2015. Colonel Sita Sangare, Burkina Faso’s director of military justice confirmed the charges and said “We have formally charged 23 people.” The charges range from murder and concealing the bodies of the dead to threatening state security and fraud. Foreign and security minister Dijbril Bassole is also accused of supporting the coup, charges he denies, according to his lawyer. Diendere faces a total of 11 charges and Bassole faces six. At least 11 people were killed and 271 injured as protests against the coup were suppressed by the presidential guard. (Citizen, WW4 Report)

SA asks asks Sudan to not send Bashir to China-Africa summit in Johannesburg: According to reports the South African government has asked Khartoum to send someone other than President Omer Hassan al-Bashir to the Forum of China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) scheduled for December in Johannesburg. South Africa’s International Relations minister Maite Nkoana-Mashabane and other members of the African National Congress subcommittee on international relations said that Bashir is free to attend the FOCAC if he wishes. News reports state that there have been behind the scenes talks to ensure Bashir will not attend. Ghana President John Mahama defended South Africa actions in June of this year by saying, “You don’t go around arresting [leaders] when they have come under the auspices of the AU”

In June 2015, Bashir’s presence in South Africa at an AU summit was the subject of controversy because of the outstanding ICC arrest warrants for him. The High Court issued an order to prevent Bashir from leaving South Africa pending a decision on whether to extradite him to The Hague. Bashir left the country hours before the High Court ordered his arrest, and according to the South African government he left without their knowledge. (Sudan Tribune)

12 October 2015 – NEWS ABOUT THE COURTS

Guatemalan Appeals Court denies Rios Montt request for amnesty on retrial:

Rios Montt trial in Guatemala City, Guatemala. May 9, 2013. Photo: coolloud via Flickr (CC).

Rios Montt trial in Guatemala City, Guatemala. May 9, 2013. Photo: coolloud via Flickr (CC).

89-year-old former dictator, Efrain Rios Montt’s request for an amnesty appeal was rejected by a Guatemalan appeals court. The appeal would have ended the criminal proceedings, but the Association for Justice and Reconciliation and the Center for Legal Action on Human Rights said the appeal was “unfounded”. The groups also added that, “this is a very important decision as it confirms that amnesty cannot be granted for the crime of genocide.” In 2013, Montt was sentenced to 80 years in prison but the Constitutional Court overthrew the conviction on procedural grounds, ordering a re-trial. The re-trial will now begin on 11 January 11 2016 behind closed doors, after the judge found that Montt is no longer mentally fit to appear in court due to his dementia and the supporting medical examiner’s report. Montt will not face prison time, if convicted, due to his condition, and would instead serve his sentence on house arrest or in a medical facility. Montt is charged with ordering the massacre of more than 1,770 Ixil Maya indigenous people in 1982-1983. (Yahoo! News)

 

ANC announces plans withdraw South Africa’s signature to the Rome Statute: Deputy Minister in the Presidency, Obed Bapela, revealed that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) wanted to withdraw South Africa (SA) from the International Criminal Court (ICC), stating that it had “lost its direction.” The decision to withdraw follows SA’s request for an extension to explain to the ICC why it allowed Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir to visit and leave South Africa despite a court-order to detain him. In support of the decision, Bapela stated that “South Africa still holds the flag of human rights, we are not lowering it.” Parliament will debate the ICC membership now and the ANC holds majority in the legislature with over 60% of the vote. (DW, Yahoo! News, The Guardian) (For additional information please click here and click here)

 

India will host Bashir despite ICC Prosecutor’s request for arrest: India announced that it will host Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir at the India-Africa Summit despite the ICC’s outstanding warrant against al-Bashir. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s special envoy and Minister of State for External Affairs V K Singh invited al-Bashir to the Summit personally in Khartoum. In regard to the outstanding warrant, Spokesperson in the External Affairs Ministry, Vikas Swarup, said that “India is fully compliant with its international legal obligations.” India is not a party to the Rome Statute, thus sources are saying that India has “no legal or statutory requirement to arrest President Bashir.” The ICC has indicted Bashir for war crimes and genocide occurring during the Darfur conflict in 2003. The Summit will be held in Delhi on October 26-29. (The New Indian Express, The Hindu) (For additional information please click here)

5 October 2015 – NEWS ABOUT THE COURTS

UN says bombing of Kunduz hospital might be a war crime: 

Photo: thehindu.com via Bing (CC).

Photo: thehindu.com via Bing (CC).

United Nations human rights chief Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein has stated publicly that the seriousness of the Kunduz hospital bombing may amount to a war crime, if established as deliberate in a court of law. Hussein also stated that; “this deeply shocking event should be promptly, thoroughly and independently investigated and the results should be made public.” Medicins Sans Frontieres (MSF) has issued a statement describing the attack as “an abhorrent and a grave violation of international humanitarian law.” Nato has confirmed that U.S. air strikes were targeting Taliban fighters in the area and is investigating whether its aircraft could be responsible, said U.S. Secretary of Defense, Ash Carter. In a further breakdown of the casualties, MSF said that 19 people died in the attack and 37 were injured, with 5 being in critical condition. The atrocity occurred on Saturday, 3 October 2015, during an airstrike in Kunduz, Afghanistan. (The telegraph, DNA) (For additional information please click here)

 

Sudan criticizes politicization of ICC before GA: In a speech to the United Nations General Assembly on Friday, 2 October 2015, Sudan’s Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour accused the International Criminal Court (ICC) of being a political tool to target African leaders. Specifically, Ghandour said that “the relationship between the Security Council and the International Criminal Court….has shown again and again that the scourge of politicization has turned it into a tool for targeting African leaders.” Ghandour also called for “the implementation of a structural reform process of the United Nations and the Security Council, in conformity with the principal of fair and equitable representation of all countries.” These remarks came in response to the Hague-based ICC’s allegations that Sudan’s President Omar Hassan al-Bashir committed genocide and crimes against humanity in his campaign during the Darfur conflict. Others indicted by the ICC include; Laurent Gbago, former president of the Republic of Cote d’Ivoire, and Muammar Gaddafi, the later leader of Libya. Members of the ICC are obligated to act on arrest warrants but Bashir rejects the court’s authority and has managed to travel in Africa and most recently was welcomed in Beijing by Chinese President Xi Jinpig. (Reuters, Yahoo! News) (For additional information please click here)

 

UN HR Council adopts resolution on justice and reconciliation in Sri Lanka: On 1 October 2015, the United Nations Human Rights Council has adopted a resolution on Reconciliation, Accountability, and Human Rights in Sri Lanka. The Resolution is coupled with the Report of the OHCHR Investigation on Sri Lanka (OISL) and the Report of the High Commissioner to turn the focus on full implementation of recommendations and provisions. Dr. Karunyan Arulanantham, President of the United States Tamil Political Action Council (USTPAC) stated that he welcomed the Human Right Council’s “endorsement to establish a credible judicial mechanism fully capable of prosecuting those most responsible for the magnitude of crimes depicted in the OISL Report.” Arulanantham also added that the immediate establishment of an in-country OHCHR office would significantly help put to the rest the victims’ doubts and fears while providing the government expertise. Finally, Arulanantham thanked the United States, the United Kingdom, Montenegro, Macedonia and European states for their leadership in strengthening the resolution. (PR Newswire)

 

SA Government asks for further time to respond to Court’s questions on Bashir: Today, 5 October 2015, South Africa has asked the International Criminal Court (ICC) for additional time to formulate their explanation of why it allowed Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir evade an arrest warrant while visiting the country in June. As a signatory to the Rome Statute, the ICC’s governing body of law, South Africa is required to implement warrants from the court. However, when Bashir visited for the African Union summit the government refused to arrest him and allowed him to leave the country. The High Court then made a ruling stating that Pretoria was under legal obligation to exercise the warrant and ICC judges asked South Africa for an explanation last month. South Africa, which argued that Bashir enjoyed diplomatic immunity during his visit, said it needed more time to assess the legality of its position. South Africa also said that it would approach the political body of the ICC for clarity on how the immunity of serving heads of state that are not parties to the Rome Statute should be handled. (Yahoo! News)

 

1 October 2015 – NEWS ABOUT THE COURTS

France initiates CAH investigation of Assad:

Bashar al Assad. Photo: proyecto40.com via Bing (CC).

Bashar al Assad. Photo: proyecto40.com via Bing (CC).

On Wednesday, 30 September 2015, the Paris prosecutor’s office said that France is investigating Syria’s President, Bashar al-Assad, over alleged crimes against humanity. An official at the prosecutor’s office said the investigation was opened on 10 September, “on the basis of indications received from the foreign ministry”. 55,000 photographic images were received by the ministry’s dossier, showing 11,000 alleged victims of forces loyal to al-Assad. During Syria’s four-year civil war between Assad’s troops, rebel groups and Islamic State militants, an estimated 250,000 people have been killed and approximately 11 million people displaced. On Monday, United States President Barack Obama and Russian President Vladimir Putin agreed to further look into the diplomatic end to the war, clashing over Assad’s retention of power. (Reuters, Haaretz) (For additional information please click here)

 

Prosecution tells ICC that 5 accused in Bemba contempt case bribed witnesses: In opening remarks during former Congo vice-president Jean-Pierre Bemba’s obstruction of justice trial, Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda said, “this case is about shielding the integrity of the court’s proceedings”. She went on to say that “Mr. Bemba directed a plan to see his acquittal through corrupted means”. Kweku Vanderpuye, a senior ICC prosecutor, told judges that the defendants had a detailed plan to coach defense witnesses in Bemba’s Central African Republic (CAR) trial between 2002 and 2003. Bemba, Aime Kilolo Musamba, his lawyer, and Jean-Jacques Mangenda Kabongo, a member of Bemba’s defense team, are alleged to have corruptly influenced the testimony of numerous defense witnesses. Bemba’s political ally, Fidele Babala Wandu and Narcisse Arido have also been charged for scripting defense witness testimony. (The Guardian, Reuters) (For additional information please click here)

 

Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi appears before the ICC Pre-Trial Chamber: Ahmad al-Fawi al-Mahdi, an alleged Islamist militant, appeared before the International Criminal Court (ICC) yesterday, 30 September 2015. Faqi told the court that he is from a Tuareg tribe, he is a graduate of the teachers’ institute in Timbuktu and he was a civil servant in the education department. He also asked judges to address him in Arabic and refer to him by his full name, declining to make any other statement. Faqi is the first individual to appear before the ICC on charges featuring the destruction of religious buildings and historical monuments. It is also the first time that a Jihadist has appeared before the court in The Hague. Faqi is alleged to have committed war crimes for ordering the deliberate destruction of buildings in Timbuktu and was surrendered to the ICC last Saturday from Niger. (The Guardian, Yahoo! News) (For additional information please click here)

 

Ballistic experts testifies for Mladic defence about Markale Massacre: Zorica Subotic, ballistic expert testifying for Ratko Mladic, told the Hague tribunal on Tuesday that a missile could not have fallen on the Markale market in 1994. Subotic also said that, “the number of dead and injured does not correlate to the fire power of a 120 millimeter missile”. In addition, Subotic stated that prosecution expert Berko Zecevic drew the ships in the market incorrectly. Ratko Mladic is charged for commanding Bosnia Serb forces to terrorize the population of Saravejo through shelling and sniping; with two significant attacks on the Markale market. Mladic is also charged with genocide and other municipalities in Srebrenica. The Hague prosecution alleges the mortar missile caused the second massacre in Markale without being recorded by UNPROFOR radars, but Subotic argues in the opposite. Subotic resumed her testimony today, 1 October 2015. (Balkan Transitional Justice)

 

Machar welcomes S. Sudan war crimes tribunal: Riek Machar, leader of South Sudan’s armed opposition, welcomed the formation of a hybrid court to try those responsible for human rights violations and war crimes during the almost 2 year civil-war. In an interview, Machar said that the creation of a hybrid court would help the accused face the law. On Tuesday, 29 September 2015, the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council called for the creation of a special court to try war crime suspects in South Sudan. In December 2013, South Sudan erupted in war between forces loyal to President Salva Kiir and Rich Machar. The United Nations estimates that tens of thousands of people have died and at least 2 million people disabled since the fight began. (Aljazeera America)

 

Karadzic says number of accused illnesses should be investigated: During a status conference on his health, Radovan Karadzic told officials that he is concerned with the amount of ill prisoners at The Hague. Karadzic told the status conference that last month he had an operation due to gall bladder inflammation, moments after his complaint to the trial chamber about his health condition. That same day Karadzic had surgery. Karadzic requested an investigation into how detention affects prisoners’ health based on a claim by 11 detainees who suffered from diseases that were prevalent when they arrive at The Hague in 2008. Preceding Judge O-Gon Kwon said the trial chamber could conclude that Karadzic has recovered from surgery with relief. Karadzic is the former president of Republika Srpska and is charged with genocide in Srebrenica and other municipalities, the persecution of Bosniaks and Croats across the country, and the terrorization of the population of Saravejo; including taking UN peacekeepers hostage. (Balkan Transitional Justice)

 

Kenya approaches UNSC about case against Deputy President Ruto: Kenya is seeking the UN Security Council to rally support to have Deputy President William Ruto’s case at the International Criminal Court (ICC) dropped. Rather than deferring the case, multiple sources advised that the government target the Assembly of States Parties’ (ASP) meeting in November to push for the withdrawal of the case. Mr. Macharia Kamau, Kenya’s permanent representative to the United Nations, confirmed that the African Union (AU) has submitted its position to the Security Council. He also explained that the case was being fought on the grounds of legal procedure and technicality. (allAfrica)

 

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